Fariba Kohanpour

Fariba is a geologist with expertise in applying multi-scale interdisciplinary geological datasets to understand mineral systems components. During her PhD at The University of Western Australia (UWA), she applied a multi-disciplinary, multi-scale approach including geodynamic numerical modelling, geophysical interpretation, and geochronology/isotope analysis to understand gold and nickel mineral systems components in the Halls Creek Orogen and integrated all obtained knowledge and geological datasets in GIS-based prospectivity modelling to highlight the prospective zones. Following that, she worked as a postdoctoral researcher at UWA where she was focused on geochronology/isotope studies to establish the provenance of the poorly-exposed Neoproterozoic Yeneena Basin in Paterson Orogen. Since  2022, she has been working as a Research Scientist, Mineral Systems Geologist at CSIRO, where she is applying different techniques to understand mineral systems footprints and prospectivity modelling.

​The occurrence of natural hydrogen and its sources have been reviewed extensively in the
literature over the last few years, with current research across both academia and industry focused on assessing the feasibility of utilizing natural hydrogen as an energy resource. However, gaps remain in our understanding of the mechanisms responsible for the large‐scale transport of hydrogen and migration through the deep and shallow Earth and within geological basins. Due to the unique chemical and physical properties of hydrogen, the timescales of migration within different areas of Earth vary from billions to thousands of years. Within the shallow Earth, diffusive and advective transport mechanisms are dependent on a wide range of parameters including geological structure, microbial activity, and subsurface environmental factors. Hydrogen migration through different media may occur from geological timescales to days and hours. We review the nature and timescale of hydrogen migration from the planetary to basin‐scale, and within both the deep and shallow Earth.
We explore the role of planetary accretion in setting the hydrogen budget of the lower mantle, discuss
conceptual frameworks for primordial or deep mantle hydrogen migration to the Earth's surface and evaluate the literature on the lower mantle's potential role in setting the hydrogen budget of rocks delivered from the deep Earth. We also review the mechanisms and timescales of hydrogen within diffusive and advective, fossil versus generative and within biologically moderated systems within the shallow Earth. Finally, we summarize timescales of hydrogen migration through different regions within sedimentary basins.


Bhavik Harish Lodhia (CSIRO, DEMIRS), Emanuelle Frery (CSIRO), Luk Peeters (CSIRO)

Fariba Kohanpour


Research Scientist, Mineral Systems Geologist

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